The SLR camera
is among the largest cameras with large body housings, optical viewfinder and the ability to change lenses. They often have a long battery life and are distinguished by their mirror in front of the sensor. The SLR camera is great for photography but only a few models are good at video recording and these usually cost a lot.
In recent years, the mirrorless SLR camera
has also gained a strong foothold on the market. They ’re easiest described as small SLR cameras, and just as the name suggests, they lack the mirror that ordinary SLR cameras have. Battery life is significantly worse than with the larger cousins, in return, video quality is generally better and you can still change the lens.
The compact camera
is a smaller alternative to the SLR camera. Usually with a smaller camera sensor, always a fixed-mounted non-replaceable lens and a large rear screen. View-finders are often missing and battery life is worse, but in return, support for video recording in 4K resolution is widespread and they are more convenient to carry.
Those who like to record video and do not need a camera for shooting stills can choose the camcorder
as a complementary option. These are specially built for video recording and usually have built-in stabilization and a clearly longer zoom than standard still cameras. Recently, however, they have received great competition from another variant - namely the mobile phone.
have become much better at recording video and many models today manage 4K resolution without any problems. They also have applications for video editing and faster sharing to social media. However, the range is limited to fixed optics. For those who do not want to bring large gadgets on the go, the mobile phone is usually more than enough for both stills and video. Especially as phones become more weatherproof.
However, they are not shock-proof, and can’t be lowered to depths of several meters under water. Instead, an action camera
might be a better option with high impact resistance and support for dives down to 20 meters deep or more, at least with a protective shell. The action camera is perfect on the most extreme trips thanks to its many accessories and wide wide-angle that captures all that happens in front of the lens.
A tip for those who have or intend to get a camera with replaceable lens, is to get good quality optics. A good lens can last for decades with proper maintenance and a little care, and can work on newer cameras when they need to be replaced.